Its cultivation easily adapts to many different environments, has an efficient type of photosynthesis, grows quickly and does not require much maintenance.
Like Quinoa, the amaranth grain is considered a “pseudo-cereal”. Cultivation easily adapts to different environments. “In Bolivia, amaranth variability extends from Latitude 17° 20´ to 21° 28´ South , and from Longitude 64° 13´ to 69° 09´West. Altitude distribution ranges from 1866 to 3050 over seal level.” (Rojas et al. 2010).
Amaranth is gluten-free, presenting nonetheless an excellent protein quality for being the sole vegetal of its type containing all essential amino acids such as leucine, lysine, valine, methyonine, phenylalanine,threonine, isoleucine and trytophan.
It also has a high lipid content and, among fat acids stand out the linoleic acid (18:2), known as omega 6 the linoleic acid (18:3). Furthermore, squalene quantity is considerable (steroid synthesis). Regarding minerals, amaranth contains phosphorus, iron, zinc and calcium. Amaranth grains are rich in vitamins such as riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), thiamin (B1), biotin, (H) b-carotene and folic ascorbic acid.